The Push Factors for Corporate Social Responsibility: A Probit Analysis

17 Pages Posted: 22 Aug 2012

See all articles by Paolo Cominetti

Paolo Cominetti

Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM)

Laura Poddi

University of Ferrara; University of Ferrara

Sergio Vergalli

University of Brescia - Department of Economics; Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM), Milan

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: August 21, 2012

Abstract

In the last two decades in OECD countries there has been increased development of Social Responsible (CSR is the acronym of Corporate Social Responsibility) certified firms. This certification is assigned by public and private companies which guarantee that the behaviour of a certain firm is environmentally and sociologically correct. The first part of our work is devoted at establishing a certification index defined as the intersection of two of the three main international indices (Domini 400 Social Index, Dow Jones Sustainability World Index, FTSE4Good Index). The purpose of this is to overcome certain problems related to the multiplicity of CSR definitions and certifications. The sample obtained is a data panel of 417 enterprises (317 CSR firms and 100 firms as a control sample) belonging mainly to OCSE countries. The core of our analysis makes some probit analyses in order to study the structural causes that push enterprises towards social certification. The descriptive statistics, combined and supported by probit analysis, seem to stress the focal role of economic development as one of the main causes of social certification. Moreover, we have also studied the role of industrial sectors in social certification and other variables such as critical consumption and the structural production system of the enterprises.

Keywords: Corporate Social Responsibility, Growth

JEL Classification: M14, C23, O10

Suggested Citation

Cominetti, Paolo and Poddi, Laura and Vergalli, Sergio, The Push Factors for Corporate Social Responsibility: A Probit Analysis (August 21, 2012). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2133644 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2133644

Paolo Cominetti

Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM) ( email )

C.so Magenta 63
Milano, 20123
Italy

Laura Poddi

University of Ferrara ( email )

Via del Gregorio 13
Ferrara, 44100
Italy

University of Ferrara ( email )

Via del Gregorio 13
Ferrara, 44100
Italy

Sergio Vergalli (Contact Author)

University of Brescia - Department of Economics ( email )

Via San Faustino 74B
Brescia, 25122
Italy

Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM), Milan ( email )

Corso Magenta 63
20123 Milan
Italy

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