Inequity in the Face of Death
Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper 12-084/3
50 Pages Posted: 24 Aug 2012
Date Written: May 21, 2012
We apply the theory of inequality in opportunity to measure inequity in mortality. Our empirical work is based on a rich dataset for the Netherlands (1998-2007), linking information about mortality, health events and lifestyles. We show that distinguishing between different channels via which mortality is affected is necessary to test the sensitivity of the results with respect to different normative positions. Moreover, our model allows for a comparison of the inequity in simulated counterfactual situations, including an evaluation of policy measures. We explicitly make a distinction between inequity in mortality risks and inequity in mortality outcomes. The treatment of this difference - “luck” - has a crucial in‡uence on the results.
Keywords: equity, equality of opportunities, mortality, lifestyles
JEL Classification: D63, I12, I14
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation