Hedge and Mutual Funds' Fees and the Separation of Private Investments
34 Pages Posted: 23 Aug 2012 Last revised: 26 Oct 2014
Date Written: October 22, 2014
A fund manager invests both the fund's assets and own private wealth in separate but potentially correlated risky assets, aiming to maximize expected utility from private wealth in the long run. If relative risk aversion and investment opportunities are constant, we find that the fund's portfolio depends only on the fund's investment opportunities, and the private portfolio only on private opportunities. This conclusion is valid both for a hedge fund manager, who is paid performance fees with a high-water mark provision, and for a mutual fund manager, who is paid management fees proportional to the fund's assets. The manager invests earned fees in the safe asset, allocating remaining private wealth in a constant-proportion portfolio, while the fund is managed as another constant-proportion portfolio. The optimal welfare is the maximum between the optimal welfare of each investment opportunity, with no diversification gain. In particular, the manager does not use private investments to hedge future income from fees.
Keywords: hedge funds, portfolio choice, high-water marks, performance fees, management fees
JEL Classification: G11, G12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation