Implementation of Sustainable Forest Management in Two Different Forest Management Unit Models in Vietnam and Malaysia

Tropentag, September 19-21, 2012, Göttingen-Kassel/Witzenhausen “Resilience of agricultural systems against crises”

5 Pages Posted: 25 Aug 2012 Last revised: 11 Oct 2013

See all articles by Duc Le

Duc Le

Dresden University of Technology - Institute of International Forestry and Forest Products

Walter Lintangah

Faculty of Science and Natural Resources, Universiti Malaysia Sabah

Jürgen Pretzsch

Institute of International Forestry and Forest Products

Norbert Weber

Dresden University of Technology - Forest Policy and Forest Resource Economics

Huy Bao

Tay Nguyen University - Department of Forest Resources & Environment Management

Date Written: June 1, 2012

Abstract

By the 1990s tropical forests in Southeast Asia had been exhaustively logged, mainly for economic growth and development of the countries. Over harvesting and poor forest management had led to the decline and degradation of natural forest areas. In the following years Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) became one of major topics of the annual meetings of the Asian Senior Officials on Forestry (ASOF) at the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). But so far, the number of certified natural forest areas in the region is still short of our expectations.

This study was based on two forest management units (FMUs) in Vietnam and Malaysia to evaluate the lessons learnt while implementing SFM concepts in natural forests for timber production under state forest enterprises (SFEs). The case study involved the Deramakot Forest Reserve (Sabah, Malaysia), - the first natural tropical forest certified in 1997; and the Dak To Forestry Company (Central Highlands, Vietnam), which was the first Controlled Wood certified natural forest in Vietnam, in 2011. Both FMUs were certified under the FSC (Forest Stewardship Council) forest certification scheme for natural forests, and initially received extensive technical support from German Society for International Cooperation (GIZ) during the initial phases with little involvement by local communities. Literature review and discussion were used to understand forest management practices in the FMUs. Study findings indicate that forest management of the two case study models is very different. The Deramakot Forest Reserve model is very successful, with a high capability of duplication, whereas the Dak To Forestry Company model is still facing challenges from such issues as illegal logging, conflict over forest and land uses, and lack of support from the relevant stakeholders during the SFM process.

The management aspects of these two models are explained by the “top-down” management oriented with the involvement of international technical support agency and the Central level. It is recommended that greater involvement of players from private sectors and other stakeholders, which can expedite the performance of forest management at the FMU level.

Keywords: Forest management unit, Malaysia, model, natural forest, stakeholder, state forest enterprise, sustainable forest management, timber production, Vietnam

Suggested Citation

Le, Duc and Lintangah, Walter and Pretzsch, Jürgen and Weber, Norbert and Bao, Huy, Implementation of Sustainable Forest Management in Two Different Forest Management Unit Models in Vietnam and Malaysia (June 1, 2012). Tropentag, September 19-21, 2012, Göttingen-Kassel/Witzenhausen “Resilience of agricultural systems against crises”, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2135485

Duc Le (Contact Author)

Dresden University of Technology - Institute of International Forestry and Forest Products ( email )

Pienner Str. 7
Tharandt, 01737
Germany
+49 352 338-31855 (Phone)
+49 352 338-31820 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.forst.tu-dresden.de/Inter/

Walter Lintangah

Faculty of Science and Natural Resources, Universiti Malaysia Sabah ( email )

Faculty of Science and Natural Resources
Jalan UMS
Kota Kinabalu, Sabah 88400
Malaysia

Jürgen Pretzsch

Institute of International Forestry and Forest Products ( email )

Pienner Str. 7
Tharandt, 01737
Germany

Norbert Weber

Dresden University of Technology - Forest Policy and Forest Resource Economics ( email )

Tharandt, 01737
Germany

Huy Bao

Tay Nguyen University - Department of Forest Resources & Environment Management ( email )

567 Le Duan Street
Buonmathuot, Daklak
Vietnam

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