Standards and the Form of Agreement

Economic Inquiry, Vol. 42, No. 1, pp. 1-13, 2004

Posted: 29 Aug 2012

Date Written: January 1, 2004


Contract stipulations tend to be subject to commodity standards. Standards make it clearer what transactors have agreed upon. They also bring stipulations from different contracts under a common denominator. The lower the cost of measuring an attribute and the wider the range of its application, the higher the likelihood that the attribute will become subject to new standards. New standards are predicted to increase the role of contracts in agreements and to reduce that of long-term relations; to lower the prices of the commodities that use the standards; to increase the rate of theft of these commodities; and, by making it clearer what it is that parties exchange, to reduce the level of vertical integration. Finally, new standards propel markets toward perfect competition.

JEL Classification: D23, L14, L15, L22

Suggested Citation

Barzel, Yoram, Standards and the Form of Agreement (January 1, 2004). Economic Inquiry, Vol. 42, No. 1, pp. 1-13, 2004, Available at SSRN:

Yoram Barzel (Contact Author)

University of Washington ( email )

Box 353330
Seattle, WA 98195-3330
United States
206-543-2510 (Phone)
206-685-7477 (Fax)

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics