The Determinants of Anti-Trafficking Policies – Evidence from a New Index

Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 116(2): 429-454

DIW Berlin Discussion Paper

Economics of Security Working Paper No. 72

39 Pages Posted: 1 Sep 2012 Last revised: 19 Aug 2016

See all articles by Seo-Young Cho

Seo-Young Cho

University of Marburg - School of Business & Economics

Axel Dreher

Heidelberg University

Eric Neumayer

London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE)

Date Written: June 30, 2014

Abstract

We develop an index measuring the three main dimensions of governments’ anti-trafficking policies – prosecution, protection and prevention – for up to 180 countries over the 2000-2010 period. Overall, developed countries perform better than the rest of the world; compliance with prosecution policy is highest, while governmental efforts to protect victims of human trafficking remain weakest. We employ the new indices to investigate what determines anti-trafficking policies. We find that compliance with anti-trafficking policies significantly decreases with corruption and is higher in countries that also respect the rights of women. We also find some tentative evidence for spatial dependence in anti-trafficking policies.

Keywords: human trafficking, human rights, compliance, anti-trafficking policies

JEL Classification: O15, F22, P41

Suggested Citation

Cho, Seo-Young and Dreher, Axel and Neumayer, Eric, The Determinants of Anti-Trafficking Policies – Evidence from a New Index (June 30, 2014). Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 116(2): 429-454; DIW Berlin Discussion Paper; Economics of Security Working Paper No. 72. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2139583

Seo-Young Cho (Contact Author)

University of Marburg - School of Business & Economics ( email )

Barfuessertor 2
Marburg, Hessen 35037
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.economics-human-trafficking.org/

Axel Dreher

Heidelberg University ( email )

Grabengasse 1
Heidelberg, 69117
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.axel-dreher.de

Eric Neumayer

London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) ( email )

Houghton Street
London, WC2A 2AE
United Kingdom
+44 207 955 7598 (Phone)
+44 207 955 7412 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://personal.lse.ac.uk/neumayer

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