How Do Staggered Boards Affect Shareholder Value? Evidence from a Natural Experiment
45 Pages Posted: 4 Sep 2012 Last revised: 25 May 2017
Date Written: July 3, 2013
The well-established negative correlation between staggered boards (SBs) and firm value could be due to SBs leading to lower value or a reflection of low-value firms' greater propensity to maintain SBs. We analyze the causal question using a natural experiment involving two Delaware court rulings ― separated by several weeks and going in opposite directions ― that affected the antitakeover force of SBs. We contribute to the long-standing debate on staggered boards by presenting empirical evidence consistent with the market viewing SBs as leading to lower firm value for the affected firms.
Keywords: Corporate governance, Staggered board, Takeover defense, Antitakeover provision, Proxy fight, Tobin's, Firm value, Agency cost, Delaware, Chancery court, Airgas
JEL Classification: G30, G34, K22
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation