Readmission Agreements of EU Member States: A Case for EU Subsidiarity or Dualism?

31(4) Refugee Survey Quarterly, 2012, Forthcoming

38 Pages Posted: 6 Sep 2012

Date Written: 2012

Abstract

This paper examines the extent to which the Treaty of Lisbon’s new express European Union (EU) competence over readmissions under Article 79(3), may affirm the Union’s exclusivity over return policy. We first trace the trajectory of Union competences over readmissions from implicit to shared. We then provide a brief overview of EU readmission agreements (EURAs), covering the target countries, as well as their scope and content in relation to human rights guarantees and the third-country nationals clause. Based on a case-study of the French agreements on joint management of immigration flows and partnership development (AJMs) we test if despite a weak human rights record, these agreements are better placed to deal with readmission of third country nationals than those of the EU. We find that the AJMs do not compare to EURAs, notably because of the broader issue linkages they propose and the conditionality between labor market access and readmission they establish. On that basis alone, there cannot be an exclusive Union competence over readmission. However, European Union mobility partnerships (EU MPs), which establish a link of conditionality to EURAs, may strengthen arguments in favor of exclusivity, based on the principles of parallelism and subsidiarity.

Keywords: EU, Migration, Readmission, Parallelism, Subsidiarity, Competence, Readmission Agreements, EU Mobility Partnership, EU Return Policy, Principles of subsidiarity and Parallelism

Suggested Citation

Panizzon, Marion, Readmission Agreements of EU Member States: A Case for EU Subsidiarity or Dualism? (2012). 31(4) Refugee Survey Quarterly, 2012, Forthcoming, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2141875

Marion Panizzon (Contact Author)

University of Bern Law School ( email )

Institute of Public Law
Schanzeneckstrasse 1
Bern, CH-3012
Switzerland
++41 1 31 631 4199 (Phone)
++41 31 631 3630 (Fax)

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