The Impact of Diabetes Mandates on Infant Health

59 Pages Posted: 5 Sep 2012

See all articles by Anca Cotet Grecu

Anca Cotet Grecu

Seton Hall University

Lee Spector

Ball State University - Department of Economics

Date Written: August 31, 2012

Abstract

Among the factors suspected for the lagging improvements in infant health in recent period are increasing obesity and diabetes prevalence among women of childbearing age. This paper investigates the impact of mandated insurance coverage for diabetes on adverse pregnancy outcomes. Among infants born to educated women, who have high rates of coverage through private insurance affected by mandates, diabetes mandates are associated with a reduction in premature births and a decrease in low birth weight prevalence. These gains are concentrated among older women and are larger for African-Americans. There is a weaker effect on the prevalence of high birth weight (>4000 grams), potentially due to the deleterious effects of an increased probability of weight gain in excess of 35 pounds among diabetic women in mandates states.

Keywords: diabetes insurance mandates, prematurity, low birth weight, moral hazard

JEL Classification: L18, L13, K32

Suggested Citation

Cotet Grecu, Anca and Spector, Lee, The Impact of Diabetes Mandates on Infant Health (August 31, 2012). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2141973 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2141973

Anca Cotet Grecu (Contact Author)

Seton Hall University ( email )

400 S Orange Avenue
South Orange, NJ 07079
United States

Lee Spector

Ball State University - Department of Economics ( email )

Muncie, IN 47306-0340
United States

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