Forbearance, Prompt Closure, and the Valuation of Bank Subordinated Debt
33 Pages Posted: 2 Oct 2012
Date Written: September 5, 2012
This study develops a multi-period structural model to value bank subordinated debt (subdebt) under different regulatory policies. The model provides a complete framework for analyzing how various factors, such as credit and interest rate risks, bank characteristics and regulatory policies affect subdebt prices and yield spreads. It finds that the implementation of prompt corrective action (PCA) will raise subdebt prices and lower subdebt spreads, while capital forbearance will have the opposite effects. Also, subdebt spreads are less sensitive to bank risk when PCA is imposed than when capital forbearance occurs. The results of the paper suggest that enhancing market discipline through giving subdebt investors more rights to force timely reorganization of weak banks will reduce the subdebt spreads required by investors.
Keywords: bank subordinated debt, prompt corrective action, capital forbearance, moral hazard, contingent claim analysis
JEL Classification: G20, G28, G21
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