United States Pollution Intensive Trade Trends from 1972 to 1992

37 Pages Posted: 7 Mar 2000

See all articles by Matthew E. Kahn

Matthew E. Kahn

University of Southern California; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)


Goods which are pollution intensive in production may be increasingly imported as the United States' income grows, trade barriers fall, and environmental regulation increases. This paper studies trends in United States bilateral trade patterns to test whether the United States has increased its imports of dirty manufacturing relative to clean manufacturing and whether imports of pollution intensive goods from poorer nations have increased from 1972 to 1992. Little evidence in favor of the "pollution havens" hypothesis is found.

JEL Classification: F1

Suggested Citation

Kahn, Matthew E., United States Pollution Intensive Trade Trends from 1972 to 1992. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=214268 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.214268

Matthew E. Kahn (Contact Author)

University of Southern California ( email )

2250 Alcazar Street
Los Angeles, CA 90089
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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