The Rise and Fall of the Market Economy

Review of Islamic Economics, Vol. 14, No. 2, 2010, pp. 123-155

33 Pages Posted: 6 Sep 2012

See all articles by Asad Zaman

Asad Zaman

Al-Nafi; Akhuwat University

Date Written: March 15, 2009


The core economic functions of production and distribution of goods can be handled by many different methods. After the fall of communism, the market mechanism has become nearly universal. Conventional economic theories argue that this is natural, because it is the best and the most efficient method for organizing economic affairs in a society. This paper, based on the analysis of Polanyi (1944) and Klein (2008) argues that the opposite is true. Market mechanisms conflict with natural mechanisms for production and exchange in traditional societies. Unregulated markets cause tremendous damage, as can be witnessed today in terms of countless economic crises, wars, environmental destruction, as well as damage to social networks. Because of this damage, market societies can only be maintained by force, as well as disinformation. To resolve crises on myriad fronts caused by the unregulated market, it is the need of the hour to find viable alternatives.

Keywords: Market Economy, Market Society, Capitalism

JEL Classification: D49, D63, G01, P47, P48, Z12

Suggested Citation

Zaman, Asad, The Rise and Fall of the Market Economy (March 15, 2009). Review of Islamic Economics, Vol. 14, No. 2, 2010, pp. 123-155, Available at SSRN:

Asad Zaman (Contact Author)

Al-Nafi ( email )

64 Fullerton Crecent
Markham, Ontario L35 3G5

Akhuwat University ( email )

Ferozepur Road
Kasur, Punjab 55110
55110 (Fax)


Do you have negative results from your research you’d like to share?

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics