The Rise and Fall of the Market Economy
Review of Islamic Economics, Vol. 14, No. 2, 2010, pp. 123-155
33 Pages Posted: 6 Sep 2012
Date Written: March 15, 2009
The core economic functions of production and distribution of goods can be handled by many different methods. After the fall of communism, the market mechanism has become nearly universal. Conventional economic theories argue that this is natural, because it is the best and the most efficient method for organizing economic affairs in a society. This paper, based on the analysis of Polanyi (1944) and Klein (2008) argues that the opposite is true. Market mechanisms conflict with natural mechanisms for production and exchange in traditional societies. Unregulated markets cause tremendous damage, as can be witnessed today in terms of countless economic crises, wars, environmental destruction, as well as damage to social networks. Because of this damage, market societies can only be maintained by force, as well as disinformation. To resolve crises on myriad fronts caused by the unregulated market, it is the need of the hour to find viable alternatives.
Keywords: Market Economy, Market Society, Capitalism
JEL Classification: D49, D63, G01, P47, P48, Z12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation