Structural Equation Modeling: A Verbal Approach

Nyenrode Research Paper No. 12-02, ISSN 1872-3934

44 Pages Posted: 11 Sep 2012

Date Written: September 10, 2012


The text provides an introduction to Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) at a basic level. SEM is a multivariate technique that allows for the simultaneous analysis of multiple, interrelated relationships between concepts in a model to be studied. Moreover, a verbal approach is chosen to explain the logic of SEM, its procedures, and the concepts involved. The authors believe that, by following this approach, carrying out SEM analyses is opened up for both statistically and non-statistically trained researchers. The approach taken is to discuss problems in connection with potential solutions. The angle is problem-driven instead of a general or generic approach. The text explains what to do when the researcher encounters a certain practical problem. More specifically, we discuss explicit analysis strategies and tactical considerations and the specific steps to be taken. Common analysis problems will be presented, along with suggestions for solutions.

Keywords: Structural Equation Modeling, SEM, non-statistical approach, analysis strategies, nonstandard models

Suggested Citation

Groenland, Edward and Stalpers, Joost, Structural Equation Modeling: A Verbal Approach (September 10, 2012). Nyenrode Research Paper No. 12-02, ISSN 1872-3934, Available at SSRN:

Edward Groenland (Contact Author)

Nyenrode Business University ( email )

Straatweg 25
P.O. Box 130
Breukelen, 3620 AC

Joost Stalpers

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

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