Stare Decisis and Certiorari Arrive to Brazil: A Comparative Law and Economics Approach

28 Pages Posted: 14 Sep 2012

See all articles by Nuno Garoupa

Nuno Garoupa

George Mason University - Antonin Scalia Law School, Faculty

Maria Angela Jardim de Santa Cruz Oliveira

Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (IHEID)

Date Written: September 13, 2012

Abstract

Two important legal reforms in court procedure have taken place in Brazil recently: súmula vinculante (all courts now have to follow the reasoning of the Supreme Court in similar cases) and requisito da repercussão geral (the Supreme Court only hears cases that are of general importance). These two procedural rules respond to a long debate in the Brazilian legal community on how to address the general court congestion, the heavy workload of the Supreme Court, and the role of the higher courts in establishing case law. We discuss the implications of these two important reforms from the comparative perspective (by explaining the similarities and differences with U.S. law, in particular stare decisis and the writ of certiorari) and from a law and economics approach (the likely consequences in terms of incentives for the Supreme Court, the court system, and the litigants more generally).

Suggested Citation

Garoupa, Nuno and Oliveira, Maria Angela Jardim de Santa Cruz, Stare Decisis and Certiorari Arrive to Brazil: A Comparative Law and Economics Approach (September 13, 2012). Emory International Law Review, 2013; Illinois Program in Law, Behavior and Social Science Paper No. LBSS13-07. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2146146

Nuno Garoupa (Contact Author)

George Mason University - Antonin Scalia Law School, Faculty ( email )

3301 Fairfax Drive
Arlington, VA 22201
United States

Maria Angela Jardim de Santa Cruz Oliveira

Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (IHEID) ( email )

PO Box 136
Geneva, CH-1211
Switzerland

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