Equal Treatment between Persons Irrespective of Racial or Ethnic Origin: The Transposition in Greece of EU Directive 2000/43
International Journal of Human Rights Vol. 8 No. 2 (2004) 123-158
36 Pages Posted: 16 Sep 2012
Date Written: June 1, 2004
Greece since the late 1980s has been witnessing her transformation from an imagined mono-ethnic/mono-cultural to a de facto multi-ethnic and multi-cultural state, mainly due to the increase of legal and illegal alien immigration. The anti-racism Directive 2000/43 of the European Communities, which should have been implemented by all EU Member States by July 2003 (article 16 of the Directive), was passed at a period which is crucial for the development of the Greek society and the EU 'polity'. The present study deals with the main current ethnic/racial equality questions arisen in the context of modern Greek society, law and policy. It then proceeds to a detailed analysis of the compatibility of current Greek race equality law and policy with the provisions of the Directive, pointing out the major issues of incompatibility of Greek law and policy with the Directive. The article concludes by underlining the main points of legislative and political action that the Greek state is to undertake for the effective implementation of the Directive and for the necessary development of a long-term, holistic anti-racism law and policy.
Keywords: racial discrimination, ethnic discrimination, Greece, European Union, Directive, transposition
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