Disaggregating Disasters

49 Pages Posted: 19 Sep 2012

See all articles by Lisa Grow

Lisa Grow

Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School

RonNell Andersen Jones

University of Utah - S.J. Quinney College of Law

Date Written: August 19, 2012


In the years since the September 11 attacks, scholars and commentators have criticized the emergence of both legal developments and policy rhetoric that blur the lines between war and terrorism. Unrecognized, but equally as damaging to democratic ideals — and potentially more devastating in practical effect — is the expansion of this trend beyond the context of terrorism to a much wider field of non-war emergency situations. Indeed, in recent years, war and national security rhetoric has come to permeate the legal and policy conversations on a wide variety of natural and technological disasters. This melding of disaster and war for purposes of justifying exceptions to ordinary constitutional and democratic norms is particularly apparent in governmental restrictions on the flow of its communications in disasters, as limitations on information flow that might be warranted in cases of thinking enemies in times of war are invoked in disaster scenarios lacking such thinking enemies. The extension of wartime transparency exceptionalism into non-thinking enemy disasters — reflected in both legislation and official rhetoric — risks the illegitimate construction of enemies by government, the unwarranted transformation of public spaces into warzones from which the public can be more easily excluded, and the inappropriate reliance on notions of the “fog of war” to justify communication failures and overbroad access restrictions. Only by consciously disaggregating dissimilar forms of emergencies and removing the rhetoric of war from disaster decisionmaking can the government make appropriate determinations about the provision of information in times of community or national crisis.

Keywords: disaster, transparency, information, war rhetoric

Suggested Citation

Grow, Lisa and Andersen Jones, RonNell, Disaggregating Disasters (August 19, 2012). UCLA Law Review, Forthcoming, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2149147

Lisa Grow (Contact Author)

Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School ( email )

430 JRCB
Brigham Young University
Provo, UT 84602
United States
801-422-7434 (Phone)
801-422-0390 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.law2.byu.edu/faculty/profile.php?id=31

RonNell Andersen Jones

University of Utah - S.J. Quinney College of Law ( email )

383 S. University Street
Salt Lake City, UT 84112-0730
United States
801-587-8756 (Phone)

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