Impacts of Policy Reforms on Labor Migration from Rural Mexico to the United States

22 Pages Posted: 24 Sep 2012 Last revised: 24 Sep 2015

See all articles by Susan M. Richter

Susan M. Richter

University of California, Davis

J. Edward Taylor

University of California, Davis - Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics

Antonio Yunez-Naude

El Colegio de Mexico - Centro de Estudios Economicos

Date Written: June 2005

Abstract

Using new survey data from Mexico, a dynamic econometric model is estimated to test the effect of policy changes on the flow of migrant labor from rural Mexico to the United States and test for differential effects of policy changes on male and female migration. We find that both IRCA and NAFTA reduced the share of rural Mexicans working in the United States. Increased U.S. border enforcement had the opposite effect. The impacts of these policy variables are small compared with those of macroeconomic variables. The influence of policy and macroeconomic variables is small compared with that of migration networks, as reflected in past migration by villagers to the United States. The effects of all of these variables on migration propensities differ, quantitatively and insome cases qualitatively, by gender.

Suggested Citation

Richter, Susan M. and Taylor, J. Edward and Yunez-Naude, Antonio, Impacts of Policy Reforms on Labor Migration from Rural Mexico to the United States (June 2005). NBER Working Paper No. w11428, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2150789

Susan M. Richter (Contact Author)

University of California, Davis ( email )

One Shields Avenue
Apt 153
Davis, CA 95616
United States

J. Edward Taylor

University of California, Davis - Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics ( email )

One Shields Avenue
Davis, CA 95616
United States
530-752-0213 (Phone)
530-752-5614 (Fax)

Antonio Yunez-Naude

El Colegio de Mexico - Centro de Estudios Economicos

Camino al Ajusco 20
Col. Pedregal de Santa Teresa
Mexico DF 10740
Mexico

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