An Empirical Testing of Intelligence, Emotional and Spiritual Quotients Quality of Managers Using Structural Equation Modeling

International Journal of Independent Research and Studies, 1(1), 1-12, 2012

12 Pages Posted: 26 Sep 2012

See all articles by Bambang Soebyakto

Bambang Soebyakto

Sriwijaya University of Indonesia

Chee Ming

Limkokwing University of Creative Technology

Date Written: 2012

Abstract

Intelligence, emotional, and spiritual quotients (IESQ) has been predicted to escalate with the increase of personal quality of corporate managers. In line with the enhancement of personal quality, it has been estimated that internal locus of control would also amplify. This study examined the drivers of personal quality of corporate managers based on the examination of intelligence, emotional, and spiritual quotients (IESQ) and mediated by internal locus of control. Data were collected from 237 stated owner enterprises managers via questionnaires. The analysis produced structural models of personal quality predicted by IESQ and mediated by internal LOC. It shows that hypothesized model created three significant positive direct (IESQ) and indirect (internal LOC) impacts of predictors to personal quality of managers. For mediating effect of internal LOC on each hypothesized path, this study found partial mediating effects of internal LOC. The structural model achieved the highest SMC (R2), explaining 65.6% of internal locus of control and 76.2% variance of the personal quality of managers. This study confirmed a significant positive direct relationship between the harmonies of IESQ to personal quality. This study found most of managers have a good standard of EQ and SQ rather than IQ. In this case, the application of EQ in a workplace depended on the person, whether he or she could place him or herself in gathering with others. Spiritual quotient seemed placed highest portion when mediated with locus of control. As we know that internal LOC is a strong feeling that pushes someone to do something correctly. By the data gathered, it shows that most of managers are Moslem. As a good Moslem, most managers practice religion tightly, they pray, spells the good name of God (Dzikir) which is thought by the Quran. A spiritually managers will apply good attitudes and behaviors in organization to enhance their personal quality in the organization and the society surrounds. The findings are discussed in the context of personal quality and IESQ among state owned enterprise managers in South Sumatera Province of Indonesia.

Keywords: Personal Quality of Managers, Intelligence Quotient, Emotional Quotient, Spiritual Quotient, Locus of Control

Suggested Citation

Soebyakto, Bambang and Ming, Chee, An Empirical Testing of Intelligence, Emotional and Spiritual Quotients Quality of Managers Using Structural Equation Modeling (2012). International Journal of Independent Research and Studies, 1(1), 1-12, 2012, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2152029

Bambang Soebyakto (Contact Author)

Sriwijaya University of Indonesia ( email )

Jln. Raya Palembang
Prabumulih Km. 32
Sumatera, 30662
Indonesia

Chee Ming

Limkokwing University of Creative Technology

Inovasi 1-1, Jalan Teknokrat 1/1,63000
Cyberjaya
Selangor
Malaysia

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