New Jersey's HIV Exposure Law and the HIV-Related Attitudes, Beliefs, and Sexual and Seropositive Status Disclosure Behaviors of Persons Living with HIV

American Journal of Public Health, 2012, Forthcoming

6 Pages Posted: 25 Sep 2012  

Carol Lynne Galletly

Medical College of Wisconsin

Laura Glasman

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Steven D. Pinkerton

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Wayne DiFranceisco

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: September 20, 2012

Abstract

Objectives: We explored associations between awareness of New Jersey's HIV exposure law and the HIV-related attitudes, beliefs, and sexual and seropositive status disclosure behaviors of HIV-positive persons.

Methods: A statewide convenience sample (n=479) completed anonymous written surveys during 2010. We recruited participants through networks of community-based organizations in the state's 9 health sectors. The survey assessed participants' awareness of New Jersey's HIV exposure law, their sexual and serostatus disclosure behavior in the past year, and their HIV-related attitudes and beliefs. We compared responses of participants who were and were not aware of the law through univariate analyses.

Results: Fifty-one percent of participants knew about the HIV exposure law. This awareness was not associated with increased sexual abstinence, condom use with most recent partner, or seropositive status disclosure. Contrary to hypotheses, persons who were unaware of the law experienced greater stigma and were less comfortable with positive serostatus disclosure.

Conclusions: Criminalizing nondisclosure of HIV serostatus does not reduce sexual risk behavior. Although the laws do not appear to increase stigma, they are also not likely to reduce HIV transmission.

Suggested Citation

Galletly, Carol Lynne and Glasman, Laura and Pinkerton, Steven D. and DiFranceisco, Wayne, New Jersey's HIV Exposure Law and the HIV-Related Attitudes, Beliefs, and Sexual and Seropositive Status Disclosure Behaviors of Persons Living with HIV (September 20, 2012). American Journal of Public Health, 2012, Forthcoming. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2152097

Carol Lynne Galletly (Contact Author)

Medical College of Wisconsin ( email )

8701 Watertown Plank Road
Milwaukee, WI 53226
United States

Laura Glasman

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

Steven D. Pinkerton

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Wayne DiFranceisco

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
74
Rank
266,091
Abstract Views
373