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Spatial Identification of Coal Power Plant Emission Effects on Education Access

30 Pages Posted: 26 Sep 2012  

Anton Bekkerman

Montana State University - Bozeman

Jake Morgan

Boston University - School of Public Health

Date Written: September 26, 2012

Abstract

Adverse educational outcomes have been repeatedly linked to recurring school absenteeism. Asthma is the most prevalent pediatric chronic illness and is the leading cause of health-related school absenteeism. This study seeks to understand the impacts of coal power plant emissions on asthma aggravation and resulting school absenteeism. Data from a unique, nationally administered pediatric asthma survey are combined with power plant emissions information to estimate the emissions' impacts on school absenteeism by asthmatic children. Exogenous wind pattern information and structural corrections for selection bias are used to identify households affected by emissions. Empirical results show a robustly positive relationship between power plant emissions and asthma-induced school absences. Moreover, we show that without appropriate identification and controls for self-selection, effects of coal power plant emissions on school absenteeism are underestimated.

Keywords: Asthma Call Back Survey, pediatric asthma, power plant emissions, school attendance, spatial identification

JEL Classification: I18, I20, Q53, C21

Suggested Citation

Bekkerman, Anton and Morgan, Jake, Spatial Identification of Coal Power Plant Emission Effects on Education Access (September 26, 2012). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2152403 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2152403

Anton Bekkerman (Contact Author)

Montana State University - Bozeman ( email )

Bozeman, MT 59717-2920
United States
406-994-3032 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.montana.edu/bekkerman

Jake Morgan

Boston University - School of Public Health ( email )

715 Albany Street
Boston, MA 02118
United States

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