The Influence of Perceived Contextual and Cultural Factors on Entrepreneurial Intentions Among Iranian College Students

38 Pages Posted: 27 Sep 2012 Last revised: 26 Nov 2013

See all articles by Saeid Karimi

Saeid Karimi

Bu-Ali Sina University

Harm J. A. Biemans

Wageningen University and Research Centre (WUR) - Education and Competence Studies

Mohammad Chizari

Tarbiat Modares University

Martin Mulder

Wageningen University and Research Centre (WUR) - Education and Competence Studies

Reza Zaefarian

University of Tehran - Faculty of Entrepreneurship

Date Written: October 27, 2011

Abstract

The present study explores the impact of contextual and cultural factors on the development of students’ entrepreneurial intentions. Primary data was collected from a sample of 347 students following entrepreneurship courses at 7 universities in Iran. Hierarchical multiple regression is used to analyze the data. The study found positive effects of perceived relational support, individualism and collectivism on students’ entrepreneurial intentions. Furthermore, the results illustrated that education level and knowing an entrepreneurial role model also have a direct influence on entrepreneurial intentions. Perceived environmental and university support, perceived barriers and power distance were not considered important in this regard.

Keywords: Entrepreneurial intentions, cultural values, contextual factors, entrepreneurship education, Iran

JEL Classification: M13

Suggested Citation

Karimi, Saeid and Biemans, Harm J. A. and Chizari, Mohammad and Mulder, Martin and Zaefarian, Reza, The Influence of Perceived Contextual and Cultural Factors on Entrepreneurial Intentions Among Iranian College Students (October 27, 2011). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2152953 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2152953

Saeid Karimi

Bu-Ali Sina University ( email )

Bl. Pajouhesh
Hamedan, Hamedan 6706KN
Iran

Harm J. A. Biemans

Wageningen University and Research Centre (WUR) - Education and Competence Studies

P.O. Box 8130
6700 HB Wageningen
Netherlands

Mohammad Chizari (Contact Author)

Tarbiat Modares University ( email )

Iran

Martin Mulder

Wageningen University and Research Centre (WUR) - Education and Competence Studies ( email )

P.O. Box 8130
6700 HB Wageningen
Netherlands

Reza Zaefarian

University of Tehran - Faculty of Entrepreneurship ( email )

Farshi Moghadam (16 St.), North Kargar Ave., Tehr
Tehran, Tehran
Iran

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