Trade Preferences and Bilateral Trade in Goods and Services: A Structural Approach

79 Pages Posted: 28 Sep 2012

See all articles by Peter H. Egger

Peter H. Egger

Ifo Institute for Economic Research - International Trade and Foreign Direct Investment; Ludwig-Maximilians University of Munich; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research

Mario Larch

University of Bayreuth - Faculty of Law, Business and Economics; University of Bayreuth; CESifo; Ifo Institute for Economic Research; GEP at the University of Nottingham; Centre d'Etudes Prospectives et d'Info. Internationales (CEPII)

Kevin E. Staub

University of Melbourne - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: July 2012

Abstract

The large reduction in tariff rates worldwide under several rounds of the GATT is commonly credited with being one of the most notable economic policy accomplishments since World War II. However, the remarkable progress towards free trade of goods is unparalleled in trade with services where liberalization agreements are much harder to achieve and cross-border transactions are impeded by far tighter barriers than for the exchange of goods. In any case, the question as to how trade policy affects services trade is complex for various reasons. First, services transactions are much harder to measure than goods transactions and acceptable data on service trade have only recently become available, mostly for trade of OECD countries. Second, neither production nor trade of goods and services are independent; often they are even inseparable. Thus, achievements towards liberalizing cross-border trade of goods should have an impact on services and, by the same token, the lack of liberalization of services trade should be responsible for there being less goods trade than possible. We provide a general equilibrium comparative static estimate of the trade and welfare effects of trade policy measures towards goods and services trade.

Keywords: Goods trade, Gravity equation, Services trade, Structural estimation

JEL Classification: F10, F12, F13

Suggested Citation

Egger, Peter H. and Larch, Mario and Staub, Kevin E., Trade Preferences and Bilateral Trade in Goods and Services: A Structural Approach (July 2012). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP9051, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2153502

Peter H. Egger (Contact Author)

Ifo Institute for Economic Research - International Trade and Foreign Direct Investment ( email )

Poschingerstr. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany
+49 0 89 9224 1238 (Phone)
+49 0 89 985369 (Fax)

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Ludwig-Maximilians University of Munich

Schackstr. 4
Munich, 80539
Germany

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

Mario Larch

University of Bayreuth - Faculty of Law, Business and Economics ( email )

Universit├Ątsstra├če 30
Bayreuth, 95447
Germany
0049 / (0) 921 - 55 6240 (Phone)

University of Bayreuth ( email )

Universitatsstr 30
Bayreuth, D-95447
Germany

CESifo ( email )

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

Ifo Institute for Economic Research ( email )

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, 01069
Germany

GEP at the University of Nottingham ( email )

University Park
Nottingham, NG7 2RD
United Kingdom

Centre d'Etudes Prospectives et d'Info. Internationales (CEPII) ( email )

9 rue Georges Pitard
Paris Cedex 15, F-75015
France

Kevin E. Staub

University of Melbourne - Department of Economics ( email )

Melbourne, Victoria 3010
Australia

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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