58 Pages Posted: 29 Sep 2012 Last revised: 13 May 2014
Date Written: September 10, 2013
Do fast, competitive markets yield liquidity measurement problems when using the popular Monthly Trade and Quote (MTAQ) database? Yes. MTAQ yields distorted measures of spreads, trade location, and price impact compared with the expensive Daily Trade and Quote (DTAQ) database. These problems are driven by (1) withdrawn quotes, (2) second (versus millisecond) timestamps, and (3) other causes, including cancelled quotes. The expensive solution, using DTAQ, is first-best. For financially constrained researchers, the cheap solution – using MTAQ with our new Interpolated Time technique, adjusting for withdrawn quotes, and deleting economically nonsensical states – is second-best. These solutions change research inferences.
Keywords: Millisecond, high-frequency trading, low-latency trading, NBBO, DTAQ, MTAQ, TAQ
JEL Classification: C15, G12, G20
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Holden, Craig W. and Jacobsen, Stacey E., Liquidity Measurement Problems in Fast, Competitive Markets: Expensive and Cheap Solutions (September 10, 2013). Journal of Finance, Forthcoming. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2154000 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2154000