Weather and Child Health in Rural Nigeria

51 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Mariano Rabassa

Mariano Rabassa

World Bank

Emmanuel Skoufias

World Bank

Hanan G. Jacoby

World Bank - Agriculture and Rural Development Department; World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Date Written: October 1, 2012

Abstract

The effect of weather shocks on children's anthropometrics is investigated using the two most recent rounds of the Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey. For this purpose, climate data for each survey cluster are interpolated using daily weather-station records from the national network. The findings reveal that rainfall shocks have a statistically significant and robust impact on child health in the short run for both weight-for-height and height-for-age, and the incidence of diarrhea. The impacts of weather shocks on health are of considerable magnitude; however, children seem to catch up with their cohort rapidly after experiencing a shock. The paper does not find any evidence of nonlinear impacts of weather variability on children's health, suggesting that a moderate increase in future rainfall variability is not likely to bring additional health costs. Finally, it appears that the impact of these shocks is the same for young boys and girls, which suggests that there is no gender-based discrimination in the allocation of resources within households.

Keywords: Health Monitoring & Evaluation, Science of Climate Change, Environmental Economics & Policies, Disease Control & Prevention, Climate Change Mitigation and Green House Gases

Suggested Citation

Rabassa, Mariano and Skoufias, Emmanuel and Jacoby, Hanan G., Weather and Child Health in Rural Nigeria (October 1, 2012). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 6214, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2156109

Mariano Rabassa (Contact Author)

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Emmanuel Skoufias

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Hanan G. Jacoby

World Bank - Agriculture and Rural Development Department ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

HOME PAGE: http://econ.worldbank.org/staff/hjacoby

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

1818 H. Street, N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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