Conditional Cash Transfers, Political Participation, and Voting Behavior

36 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Javier Eduardo Baez

Javier Eduardo Baez

World Bank; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Adriana Camacho

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia - Department of Economics

Emily Conover

Hamilton College - Economics Department

Román Zárate

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia

Date Written: October 1, 2012

Abstract

This paper estimates the effect of enrollment in a large scale anti-poverty program in Colombia, Familias en Accion, on intent to vote, turnout and electoral choice. For identification the analysis uses discontinuities in program eligibility and variation in program enrollment across voting booths. It finds that Familias en Accion had a positive effect on political participation in the 2010 presidential elections by increasing the probability that program beneficiaries registered to vote and cast a ballot, particularly among women. Regarding voter's choice, the authors find that program participants expressed a stronger preference for the official party that implemented and expanded the program. Overall, the findings show that voters respond to targeted transfers and that these transfers can foster support for incumbents, thus making the case for designing political and legislative mechanisms, as the laws recently passed by the Colombian government, that avoid successful anti-poverty schemes from being captured by political patronage.

Keywords: E-Government, Parliamentary Government, Population Policies, Political Systems and Analysis, Politics and Government

Suggested Citation

Baez, Javier Eduardo and Camacho, Adriana and Conover, Emily and Zárate, Román, Conditional Cash Transfers, Political Participation, and Voting Behavior (October 1, 2012). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 6215, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2156795

Javier Eduardo Baez (Contact Author)

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Adriana Camacho

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia - Department of Economics ( email )

Carrera 1a No. 18A-10
Santafe de Bogota, AA4976
Colombia

Emily Conover

Hamilton College - Economics Department ( email )

198 College Hill Road
Clinton, NY 13323
United States

Román Zárate

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia ( email )

Carrera Primera # 18A-12
Bogota, DC D.C. 110311
Colombia

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