Industry Concentration, Excess Returns and Innovation in Australia
Accounting and Finance, Forthcoming
31 Pages Posted: 6 Oct 2012 Last revised: 22 Apr 2014
Date Written: February 2, 2014
This paper examines market concentration and stock returns on the Australian Securities Exchange. We find that dominant companies operating in concentrated industries in Australia are able to generate significant risk-adjusted excess stock returns. Our results for Australian data are opposite to that found by Hou and Robinson (2006) for United States market data. Hou and Robinson reason that U.S. firms which operate in concentrated industries are insulated from competitive pressures, have lower levels of innovation (Arrow (1962)) and therefore experience lower profitability and stock returns. By contrast, the Australian data shows a signif- icant and positive relationship between concentration and innovation expenditure. Therefore, the excess stock returns of dominant companies in Australia is consistent with previous research linking innovation expenditure with excess stock returns. We hypothesize that the apparent contradiction of our results compared with Hou and Robinson (2006) for the United States market is resolved by an examination of the differences in size and competition in U.S. and Australian industries and the con- sequent differential ability of dominant companies in the two countries to generate monopoly rents and invest in ‘Schumpeterian’ (Schumpeter (1942)) innovation.
Keywords: Industry concentration, competition, stock return
JEL Classification: G12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation