Evolution of Teachers' Salaries in Latin America at the Turn of the 20th Century: How Much are They (Under or Over) Paid?

40 Pages Posted: 6 Oct 2012

See all articles by Alejandra Mizala

Alejandra Mizala

University of Chile - Industrial Engineering

Hugo Ñopo

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: October 6, 2012

Abstract

How much are teachers paid in comparison to those in other professions in Latin America? How have these differences evolved at the turn of the 20th century? This paper reports the evolution, between circa 1997 and circa 2007, of teachers´ salaries vis-à-vis workers in other professional and technical occupations for thirteen Latin-American countries. After controlling the earnings differentials by observable characteristics linked to productivity it is found that the hourly earnings gap, although substantial, decreased throughout the decade. This has been the case for earnings gaps at the main and secondary jobs, and also for those measured in terms of monthly and yearly earnings. Nonetheless, behind the region averages there is an important cross-country heterogeneity.

Keywords: wage differentials, professional labor markets, national and international labor standards, Latin America, Caribbean

JEL Classification: J31, J44, J8, O54

Suggested Citation

Mizala, Alejandra and Nopo, Hugo, Evolution of Teachers' Salaries in Latin America at the Turn of the 20th Century: How Much are They (Under or Over) Paid? (October 6, 2012). IZA Discussion Paper No. 6806. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2157948

Alejandra Mizala (Contact Author)

University of Chile - Industrial Engineering ( email )

República 701, Santiago
Chile

Hugo Nopo

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) ( email )

1300 New York Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20577
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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