Birth Order and Child Outcomes: Does Maternal Quality Time Matter?

27 Pages Posted: 6 Oct 2012

See all articles by Chiara Monfardini

Chiara Monfardini

University of Bologna - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Sarah Grace See

Department of Economics, Econometrics and Finance

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Abstract

Higher birth order positions are often associated with poorer outcomes, possibly due to fewer resources received within the household. Using a sample of PSID-CDS children, we investigate whether the birth order effects in their outcomes are due to unequal allocation of the particular resource represented by maternal quality time. OLS regressions show that the negative birth order effects on various test scores are only slightly diminished when maternal time is included among the regressors. This result is confirmed when we account for unobserved heterogeneity at the household level, exploiting the presence of siblings in the data. Our evidence therefore suggests that birth order effects are not due to differences in maternal quality time received.

Keywords: birth order, achievement production, time use

JEL Classification: D13, J12, J13, J22, J24

Suggested Citation

Monfardini, Chiara and See, Sarah Grace, Birth Order and Child Outcomes: Does Maternal Quality Time Matter?. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2157967 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2157967

Chiara Monfardini (Contact Author)

University of Bologna - Department of Economics ( email )

Piazza Scaravilli 2
Bologna, 40126
Italy
0039 51 2098148 (Phone)
0039 51 221968 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Sarah Grace See

Department of Economics, Econometrics and Finance ( email )

Nettelbosje 2
Groningen, 9747 AE
Netherlands

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