Remember When it Rained: The Elusiveness of Gender Discrimination in Indian School Enrollment

48 Pages Posted: 6 Oct 2012

See all articles by Laura Zimmermann

Laura Zimmermann

IZA Institute of Labor Economics; University of Oxford

Abstract

Indian girls have significantly lower school enrollment rates than boys. Anecdotal evidence suggests that gender-differential treatment is the main explanation, but empirical support is often weak. I analyze school enrollment using rainfall shocks, a plausibly exogenous source of income variation. Rainfall shocks matter most for young children and monotonically decline with age. Girls' school enrollment is more vulnerable to rainfall shocks than that of boys for 6-10 year olds, but there are no gender differences for older children. I argue that these results need to be interpreted carefully since they are a combination of two underlying effects, but propose that one explanation are age-specific forms of gender discrimination.

Keywords: rainfall, gender discrimination, school enrollment, education, India

JEL Classification: D13, I21, J16, O12, O15, Q54

Suggested Citation

Zimmermann, Laura, Remember When it Rained: The Elusiveness of Gender Discrimination in Indian School Enrollment. IZA Discussion Paper No. 6833, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2157975

Laura Zimmermann (Contact Author)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

University of Oxford

Oxford
United Kingdom

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
43
Abstract Views
342
PlumX Metrics