Early Life Health Interventions and Academic Achievement

71 Pages Posted: 6 Oct 2012

See all articles by Prashant Bharadwaj

Prashant Bharadwaj

University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Department of Economics

Katrine Vellesen Løken

University of Bergen - Department of Economics

Chris Neilson

Yale University - Department of Economics

Date Written: October 6, 2012

Abstract

This paper studies the effect of improved neonatal health care on mortality and long run academic achievement in school. We use the idea that medical treatments often follow rules of thumb for assigning care to patients, such as the classification of Very Low Birth Weight (VLBW), which assigns infants special care at a specific birth weight cutoff. Using detailed administrative data on schooling and birth records from Chile and Norway, we establish that children who receive extra medical care at birth have lower mortality rates and higher test scores and grades in school. These gains are in the order of 0.15-0.22 standard deviations.

Keywords: child development, neonatal care, regression discontinuity

JEL Classification: I38, J13, J24

Suggested Citation

Bharadwaj, Prashant and Løken, Katrine Vellesen and Neilson, Chris, Early Life Health Interventions and Academic Achievement (October 6, 2012). IZA Discussion Paper No. 6864. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2158006

Prashant Bharadwaj (Contact Author)

University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Department of Economics ( email )

9500 Gilman Drive
La Jolla, CA 92093-0508
United States

Katrine Vellesen Løken

University of Bergen - Department of Economics ( email )

Fosswinckelsgt. 6
N-5007 Bergen, 5007
Norway

Chris Neilson

Yale University - Department of Economics ( email )

28 Hillhouse Ave
New Haven, CT 06520-8268
United States

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