The Development and Validation of the Langer Mindfulness Scale - Enabling a Socio-Cognitive Perspective of Mindfulness in Organizational Contexts

54 Pages Posted: 9 Oct 2012 Last revised: 2 Nov 2013

Michael Pirson

Fordham University - Graduate School of Business Administration; Harvard University; Humanistic Management Network

Ellen J. Langer

Harvard University - Department of Psychology

Todd Bodner

Portland State University - Department of Psychology

Sigal Zilcha-Mano

Interdisciplinary Center (IDC) Herzliyah

Date Written: October 8, 2012

Abstract

This article outlines the development of a 14-item measure of socio-cognitive mindfulness. Using 9 samples (including multisource and multi-wave data) with a total of 4,345 responses the authors developed a reliable scale with a tri-dimensional factor structure that replicated across 5 separate samples. The scale possessed both convergent and discriminant validity, and criterion related validity was demonstrated through the scale’s relation with psychological well-being, such as life satisfaction and humor, dimensions of physical well-being, e.g. strength, flexibility and reaction time, as well as aspects of social and organizational well-being including job satisfaction, creativity, and learning. Overall, the present study suggests that the Langer Mindfulness Scale (LMS14) is a reliable and valid measure and that the LMS has important implications for both individuals and organizations.

Keywords: Mindfulness, Socio-Cognitive, Measurement, Validation, Scale Development

JEL Classification: Z00

Suggested Citation

Pirson, Michael and Langer, Ellen J. and Bodner, Todd and Zilcha-Mano, Sigal, The Development and Validation of the Langer Mindfulness Scale - Enabling a Socio-Cognitive Perspective of Mindfulness in Organizational Contexts (October 8, 2012). Fordham University Schools of Business Research Paper. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2158921 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2158921

Michael Pirson (Contact Author)

Fordham University - Graduate School of Business Administration ( email )

1790 Broadway 1147
New York, NY New York 10019
United States

Harvard University

1875 Cambridge Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Humanistic Management Network ( email )

St. Gallen
Switzerland

Ellen J. Langer

Harvard University - Department of Psychology ( email )

33 Kirkland St
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Todd E. Bodner

Portland State University - Department of Psychology ( email )

OR 97221
United States

Sigal Zilcha

Interdisciplinary Center (IDC) Herzliyah ( email )

P.O. Box 167
Herzliya, 46150
Israel

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