Proposing Criteria to Locate New Towns According to the Principles of Sustainable Development (Case Studies: Hashtgerd, Andishe and Parand New Towns in Iran)
8 Pages Posted: 9 Oct 2012
Date Written: October 9, 2012
The new towns are planned settlements that were created in response to predetermined goals. Concepts to build new towns in the world, have formed generally science the beginning of the twentieth century, after the Industrial Revolution and the increasing problems of megacities, in order to solve the population and economic problems of them. After years of new towns creation and their performance analysis, can be mentioned several factors in their success or failure function which One of the most important of them is the establishment of new town on the appropriate location. Locating the place is regarded as the first factor to along with formation of new towns goals and it will affect survival and existence of city. So, what criteria to locate and where to found new towns are main issues in urban planning. Among the after issues the principles of sustainable urban development as the most current theoretical basis to locate places correctly and to ensure the survival of these cities are taken in to consideration.
Therefore this article seeks to answer the following questions: (a) what are the criteria for locating of new towns according to the principles of sustainable development? (b) How will be the Principles of sustainable development affect the locating in new towns? (c) To what extent will considering the locating criteria of the new towns based on principles of sustainable development affect the success or failure of the performance of new towns?
The main objectives of this research are: (a) Achieving Criteria to locate new towns considering the principles of sustainable urban development by assessment relevant documents and the extraction process of locating and its analysis according to the sustainable locating criteria. (b) Prioritizing criteria to new towns locating according to the principles of sustainable urban development. (c) Comparative assessment of the principles of sustainable development criteria to locate new towns, case study of sample cities: Adishe, Hashtgerd and Parand Iranian new towns in the west and southwest of Tehran, and analysis rate of the functional success or weakness of these towns, according to these criteria.
In order to achieve these goals, through a descriptive-analytic approach, locating principles and criteria of new towns according to sustainable locating, criteria are analyzed and their location among principles of sustainable development is determined. Then, by comparative analysis method case samples of the study are assessed and compared based on extracted criteria. Therefore, the impact of following or not-following these criteria will be determined in success or failure of these new towns.
Keywords: New Towns, Locating New Towns, Sustainable Development, Stability Criteria
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