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Colonial Mestizaje and Its Consequences for Human Capital and Early Twentieth Century Regional Industrialization in Colombia

36 Pages Posted: 9 Oct 2012  

Irina Rosa España

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Fabio Sánchez

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia - Department of Economics

Date Written: September 4, 2012

Abstract

This paper quantitatively shows that the 1945 regional differences in the degree of development of manufacturing industry are explained by human capital accumulation prior to industrial development. Human capital accumulation was more intense in the regions with higher presence of non white free population - the “Free of all Colors” caste - at the end of the colonial times. Once the country began industrializing at the beginning of the twentieth century the former “Free of all Colors” regions were better prepared to adapt and to use the industrial technology and hence manufacturing industry rose with greater strength in those regions.

Keywords: industrialization, human capital, coffee, gold, foreign crises, free population

JEL Classification: N36, N66, N96, O18, O14

Suggested Citation

España, Irina Rosa and Sánchez, Fabio, Colonial Mestizaje and Its Consequences for Human Capital and Early Twentieth Century Regional Industrialization in Colombia (September 4, 2012). Documento CEDE No. 2012-21. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2159494 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2159494

Irina Rosa España (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

Fabio Sánchez Torres

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia - Department of Economics ( email )

Carrera 1a No. 18A-10
Santafe de Bogota, AA4976
Colombia
+57 1 332 4495 (Phone)
+57 1 332 4492 (Fax)

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