An Analysis of Physical and Monetary Losses of Environmental Health and Natural Resources in India

41 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Muthukumara Mani

Muthukumara Mani

World Bank

Anil Markandya

Basque Centre for Climate Change (BC3); University of Bath

Aarsi Sagar

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Elena Strukova

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: October 1, 2012

Abstract

This study provides estimates of social and financial costs of environmental damage in India from three pollution damage categories: (i) urban air pollution; (ii) inadequate water supply, poor sanitation, and hygiene; and (iii) indoor air pollution. It also provides estimates based on three natural resource damage categories: (i) agricultural damage from soil salinity, water logging, and soil erosion; (ii) rangeland degradation; and (iii) deforestation. The estimates are based on a combination of Indian data from secondary sources and on the transfer of unit costs of pollution from a range of national and international studies. The study estimates the total cost of environmental degradation in India at about 3.75 trillion rupees (US$80 billion) annually, equivalent to 5.7 percent of gross domestic product in 2009, which is the reference year for most of the damage estimates. Of this total, outdoor air pollution accounts for 1.1 trillion rupees, followed by the cost of indoor air pollution at 0.9 trillion rupees, croplands degradation cost at 0.7 trillion rupees, inadequate water supply and sanitation cost at around at 0.5 trillion rupees, pasture degradation cost at 0.4 trillion rupees, and forest degradation cost at 0.1 trillion rupees.

Keywords: Health Monitoring & Evaluation, Environmental Economics & Policies, Population Policies, Brown Issues and Health, Climate Change Mitigation and Green House Gases

Suggested Citation

Mani, Muthukumara and Markandya, Anil and Sagar, Aarsi and Strukova, Elena, An Analysis of Physical and Monetary Losses of Environmental Health and Natural Resources in India (October 1, 2012). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 6219, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2159618

Muthukumara Mani (Contact Author)

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Anil Markandya

Basque Centre for Climate Change (BC3)

Gran Vía 35-2
Bilbao, Vizcaya 48009
Spain

University of Bath ( email )

Claverton Down
Bath, BA2 7AY
United Kingdom

Aarsi Sagar

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

Elena Strukova

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

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