52 Pages Posted: 23 Mar 2000
Date Written: February 11, 2000
We examine how fund flows that are correlated with subsequent fund returns can impact the performance of open-end mutual fund through a dilution effect. Since these flows tend to put cash into a fund just prior to positive returns on the fund?s risky assets, the cash dilutes the fund?s return. Our analysis reveals that active trading of open-end funds occurs and has a meaningful economic effect on the passive, non-trading shareholders in the fund. While in the overall sample of domestic equity funds we find no dilution impact from daily fund flows, we estimate an annualized benefit of nearly 5 basis points in low-flow funds. In examining the fund flows in international funds, we find an overall annualized negative impact of 0.48%. For the sub-sample of funds in which flows are particularly large, this negative impact is nearly 1% per year. Our results suggest that the structure and design of mutual funds, such as exchange and pricing policies, can have important performance-related implications independent of the value added by the portfolio manager.
JEL Classification: G1, G10
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Greene, Jason T. and Hodges, Charles W., The Dilution Impact of Daily Fund Flows on Open-end Mutual Funds (February 11, 2000). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=215968 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.215968