Role of Unorganized Manufacturing in Expanding Employment Opportunities in Assam
In S.K. Borkakoti (ed.) Problems of Industrial Labourers in Assam, Proceedings of UGC sponsored national seminar, ADP College, Nagaon, Assam, pp.273-94, 2013
13 Pages Posted: 12 Oct 2012 Last revised: 21 Feb 2017
Date Written: September 29, 2012
The unorganized sector plays important role in creating gainful employment opportunities, especially in developing countries, which are, in general, labour abundant. The Eleventh Five Year Plan has emphasized that the unorganized manufacturing sector holds the promise of vast employment creation, and thus, could be a panacea to the burgeoning labour force in India. In this light the present paper analyzes the structure and growth of employment in the unorganized manufacturing sector in Assam. Our main concern is to address the employment potentiality of the sector in the State. We have discussed the issue in the light of different technology parameters such as capital intensity and factor productivity, etc. The analysis has been carried out separately for different enterprise types to get a clear picture about the specific sectors and sub-sectors. The findings suggest that the unorganized manufacturing sector of Assam has witnessed sharp decline during 1994-95 to 2000-01, especially in terms of number of units and employment, but the sector has experienced significant rise in recent years (during 2000-01 to 2005-06). However, this improvement is at the cost of quality of employment, since the number of full-time workers has sharply declined and there has been increase in part-time workers only.
Keywords: unorganized manufacturing, employment creation
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation