Poverty Reduction and Growth Interactions: What Can Be Learned from the Syrian Experience?

15 Pages Posted: 13 Oct 2012

See all articles by Anda David

Anda David

Université Paris Dauphine - UMR DIAL

Mohamed Ali Marouani

Université Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne

Date Written: November 2012

Abstract

The aim of this article is to analyse in depth the interactions of growth and poverty in Syria, which undertook reforms to reduce the government's involvement in the economy. During the 1996–2004 period, growth was pro‐poor in ‘weak absolute’ terms but not in either relative or ‘strong absolute’ terms, owing to the increase in inequality. This can be explained partly by tax policies, but also by an unequal distribution of investment at the regional level. There was also a widening of the gap between urban and rural areas, mainly owing to a pattern of growth in which oil played an increasing role and agriculture a decreasing one. Agricultural and land‐policy reforms could have had a negative impact on poverty, despite their positive effect on productivity.

Keywords: Poverty, inequality, pro‐poor growth, Syria, MENA

Suggested Citation

David, Anda and Marouani, Mohamed Ali, Poverty Reduction and Growth Interactions: What Can Be Learned from the Syrian Experience? (November 2012). Development Policy Review, Vol. 30, Issue 6, pp. 773-787, 2012. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2161149 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7679.2012.00598.x

Anda David (Contact Author)

Université Paris Dauphine - UMR DIAL ( email )

Paris
France

Mohamed Ali Marouani

Université Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne ( email )

17, rue de la Sorbonne
Paris, IL 75005
France

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