Ethiopia's Growth and Transformation Plan: A Computable General Equilibrium Analysis of Alternative Financing Options
32 Pages Posted: 14 Oct 2012
Date Written: November 13, 2011
Under the Plan for Accelerated and Sustained Development to End Poverty (PASDEP), implemented from 2005/06 to 2009/10, Ethiopia achieved rapid economic growth and laid a foundation for future growth by making substantial investments in infrastructure and human capital. Regardless of the financing strategy, the high TFP and GDP growth rates under the GTP imply high average income growth for both poor and rich households, in both rural and urban areas. Because the GTP involves a greater concentration of investment in non-agricultural sectors than did PASDEP, growth of incomes of urban households is higher in the GTP than under PASDEP. Conversely, income growth of the rural poor is slightly lower under the medium growth scenario with domestic savings (10.0 percent) than under a continuation of PASDEP growth and investment (10.6 percent). Thus, this analysis shows that if the GTP investment and sectoral growth targets are achieved, real incomes of the poor in Ethiopia would rise substantially. The base simulations indicate that real incomes of the poor rose under PASDEP from 2005/06 to 2010/11. Under GTP, this real income growth would be accelerated, provided there is sufficient foreign savings or mobilization of domestic savings to achieve the targets. Nonetheless, the simulations also suggest that agricultural growth will still be crucial for raising incomes of Ethiopia’s rural poor. Thus, investments that raise agricultural productivity will need to continue in order to ensure that the rural poor share in the substantial projected benefits that would result from achieving the high economic growth targets of the GTP.
Keywords: Computable general equilibrium (CGE) model, Ethiopia
JEL Classification: D58
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation