Epistemological Beliefs of Undergraduate Students as Function of Gender and Academic Level

10 Pages Posted: 15 Oct 2012

See all articles by Wail Ismail

Wail Ismail

University of Malaya - Faculty of Education - Department of Educational Foundations

Nabeel Abedalaziz

University of Malaya (UM) - Faculty of Education

Zaharah Hussin

University of Malaya (UM) - Department of Educational Foundations

Mohd Mohamed

University of Malaya (UM) - Faculty of Education

Rahmi Saad

University of Malaya (UM) - Faculty of Education

Date Written: October 15, 2012

Abstract

Epistemological beliefs are those concerning the structure or the nature of knowledge and knowing, including definitions of knowledge, how knowledge is constructed, how knowledge is evaluated, and reflects the viewpoint of the individual about what and how knowledge can be acquired and the degree of certainty. The present study sought answers to the following questions: What are the overall epistemological beliefs of undergraduate students? Do epistemological beliefs of undergraduate students differ by gender? Do epistemological beliefs of undergraduate students differ by academic level? Epistemological beliefs scale comprising 62 items measuring five components of beliefs (i.e. Quick Learning, knowledge, Certain Knowledge, Omniscient authority, innate ability, and simple knowledge) was administered to a sample of 154 undergraduate students from the Faculty of Education at University of Malaya. Descriptive statistics, Two way MANOVA, multiple comparisons, and ANOVA analyses were used. Results indicated that: (1) participants had sophisticated beliefs on Innate ability, whereas they had a naïve belief on Certain knowledge, (2) males scored higher than females in innate ability, whereas both males and female are similar in Quick Learning, Certain Knowledge, Omniscient authority, and simple knowledge), (3) Quick Learning and Innate ability were found to decrease with increase in academic level.

Keywords: Certain Knowledge, Innate ability, Omniscient authority, Quick Learning, Simple knowledge

Suggested Citation

Ismail, Wail and Abedalaziz, Nabeel and Hussin, Zaharah and Mohamed, Mohd and Saad, Rahmi, Epistemological Beliefs of Undergraduate Students as Function of Gender and Academic Level (October 15, 2012). OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development, Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 109-118, 2012, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2162042

Wail Ismail (Contact Author)

University of Malaya - Faculty of Education - Department of Educational Foundations ( email )

Kuala Lumpur
Malaysia

Nabeel Abedalaziz

University of Malaya (UM) - Faculty of Education ( email )

50603 Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur, 50603
Malaysia

Zaharah Hussin

University of Malaya (UM) - Department of Educational Foundations ( email )

Malaysia

Mohd Mohamed

University of Malaya (UM) - Faculty of Education ( email )

50603 Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur, 50603
Malaysia

Rahmi Saad

University of Malaya (UM) - Faculty of Education ( email )

50603 Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur, 50603
Malaysia

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