Cyber Estate Planning and Administration

63 Pages Posted: 24 Oct 2012 Last revised: 30 Mar 2022

See all articles by Gerry W. Beyer

Gerry W. Beyer

Texas Tech University School of Law

Kerri G. Nipp

U.S. Trust

Date Written: March 29, 2022


Recently, a new subdivision of property has emerged that many people label as “digital assets” such as accounts used for e-mail, professional and personal data backups, banking, investment, and shopping, domain names and web-hosting accounts, social networking accounts, and avatars for online games. While estate planners have perfected techniques to transfer traditional types of property, many estate planners do not address digital assets when preparing their clients’ estates.

This article aims to educate estate planning professionals on the importance of planning for the disposition and administration of digital assets so that fiduciaries can locate, access, protect, and properly dispose of them. The operation of the Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act now enacted in at least forty-one states is explained in detail. Several planning techniques that may be employed are discussed and the appendices include sample forms clients may use to organize their digital assets and sample language that can be used in estate planning documents, court orders, and in request letters to digital asset custodians.

The article also contains a discussion of cryptocurrency, non-fungible tokens, and a special section designed for probate judges.

Keywords: digital assets, digital estate, estate planning, wills, trusts, passwords, fiduciary, cryptocurrency, NFT, non-fungible tokens

JEL Classification: K11

Suggested Citation

Beyer, Gerry W. and Nipp, Kerri G., Cyber Estate Planning and Administration (March 29, 2022). Available at SSRN: or

Gerry W. Beyer (Contact Author)

Texas Tech University School of Law ( email )

3311 18th Street
Lubbock, TX 79409-0004
United States
806-834-4270 (Phone)
978-285-7941 (Fax)


Kerri G. Nipp

U.S. Trust ( email )

United States

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