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Muslims in France: Identifying a Discriminatory Equilibrium

62 Pages Posted: 27 Oct 2012  

Claire L. Adida

University of California, San Diego (UCSD)

David Laitin

Stanford University - Department of Political Science; Stanford Immigration Policy Lab

Marie‐Anne Valfort

Université Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne

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Abstract

We analyze the assimilation patterns of Muslim immigrants in Western countries with a unique identification strategy. Survey and experimental data collected in France in 2009 reveal that Muslims and rooted French are locked in a sub-optimal equilibrium whereby (i) rooted French exhibit taste-based discrimination against those they are able to identify as Muslims and (ii) Muslims perceive French institutions as systematically discriminatory against them. This equilibrium is sustained because Muslims, perceiving discrimination as institutionalized, are reluctant to assimilate and rooted French, who are able to identify Muslims as such due to their lower assimilation, reveal their distaste for Muslims.

Keywords: assimilation, Muslim and Christian immigrants, discrimination, France

JEL Classification: C90, D03, J15, J71, Z12

Suggested Citation

Adida, Claire L. and Laitin, David and Valfort, Marie‐Anne, Muslims in France: Identifying a Discriminatory Equilibrium. IZA Discussion Paper No. 6953. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2167615

Claire L. Adida (Contact Author)

University of California, San Diego (UCSD) ( email )

9500 Gilman Drive
Mail Code 0521
La Jolla, CA 92093-0521
United States

HOME PAGE: http://claire.adida.net

David Laitin

Stanford University - Department of Political Science ( email )

Stanford, CA 94305
United States

Stanford Immigration Policy Lab

30 Alta Road
Stanford, CA 94305
United States

Marie-Anne Valfort

Université Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne ( email )

17, rue de la Sorbonne
Paris, IL 75005
France

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