Financial Statement Comparability and the Efficiency of Acquisition Decisions
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign - Department of Accountancy
Daniel W. Collins
University of Iowa - Department of Accounting
Todd D. Kravet
University of Connecticut - Department of Accounting
Richard Mergenthaler Jr.
University of Iowa - Henry B. Tippie College of Business
This study examines whether acquirers make better acquisition decisions when target firms’ financial statements exhibit greater comparability with industry peer firms. We predict and find that acquirers make more profitable acquisition decisions when target firms’ financial statements are more comparable — as evidenced by higher merger announcement returns, higher acquisition synergies, and better future operating performance. We also find that post-acquisition goodwill impairments and post-acquisition divestitures are less likely when target firms’ financial statements are more comparable. Finally, we find that acquirers benefit most from comparability when acquirers’ ex-ante information asymmetry is higher, acquirers operate in volatile operating environments, and management knows relatively less about the target. In total, our evidence suggests targets’ financial statement comparability helps acquirers make better acquisition-investment decisions and fosters more efficient capital allocation.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 55
Keywords: Comparability, Earnings Attributes, Mergers, Acquisitions, Capital Allocation
JEL Classification: M40, M41, M49, G34, G31
Date posted: October 30, 2012 ; Last revised: July 29, 2016