Entrepreneurs or Employees: A Cross-Cultural Cognitive Analysis

International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, DOI 10.1007/s11365-012-0235-2, Forthcoming

Posted: 2 Nov 2012

See all articles by Helena Knörr

Helena Knörr

Point Park University

Claudia Alvarez

Universidad EAFIT; Autonomous University of Barcelona

David Urbano

Autonomous University of Barcelona

Date Written: 2012

Abstract

This study examines the influence of the cultural-cognitive dimension - measured through creativity, risk taking and independence - on the probability of becoming an entrepreneur or an employee. Institutional economics is used as theoretical framework of the research. The empirical research uses binomial and multinomial probit models, when controlling for socio-demographic factors and macro variables. Data was obtained from the World Values Survey, for the period 2005-2008, considering a sample of 41 countries and 56,875 individuals. The main findings demonstrate that creativity, risk taking and independence increase the probability of becoming entrepreneur, and decrease the probability of becoming employee. Given that these characteristics facilitate the birth of new ideas, processes, products, and services, it is crucial to learn from entrepreneurs, and to foster such characteristics within organizations. The results have contributions for both researchers and policymakers on new firm creation (entrepreneurship) and on the generation of innovation within organisations (intrapreneurship).

Suggested Citation

Knörr, Helena and Alvarez, Claudia and Urbano, David, Entrepreneurs or Employees: A Cross-Cultural Cognitive Analysis (2012). International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, DOI 10.1007/s11365-012-0235-2, Forthcoming, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2169355

Helena Knörr

Point Park University ( email )

201 Wood Street
Pittsburgh, PA 15222
United States

Claudia Alvarez

Universidad EAFIT ( email )

Carrera 49 N° 7 sur – 50
Medellín, Antioquia 00000
Colombia

Autonomous University of Barcelona ( email )

Bellaterra, Barcelona 08193
Spain

David Urbano (Contact Author)

Autonomous University of Barcelona ( email )

Edifici B, Campus UAB
Bellaterra, Barcelona 08193
Spain
34935811209 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.davidurbano.eu

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