MGNREGA: A Critical Assessment of Issues and Challenges

Indian Journal of Commerce, Vol. 65, No. 2, pp 151-164, 2012

14 Pages Posted: 2 Nov 2012

See all articles by Ajay Kumar Singh

Ajay Kumar Singh

Sri Sri University, on EOL from University of Delhi - Department of Commerce, Faculty of Commerce and Business, Delhi School of Economics

Niti Bhasin

University of Delhi - Department of Commerce

Sameer Lama

University of Delhi - Department of Commerce

Date Written: April 1, 2012

Abstract

Underlining the critical role played by the MGNREGA, this paper exemplifies the issues, challenges and significance of MGNREGA particularly in the context of rural India. Primary Data was collected using structured questionnaire from 153 respondents and Secondary Data has been used mainly from the official website of MGNREGA. The study makes a comparative analysis between the select fifteen states of the Indian Union and provides the framework for policy recommendation for the states with regard to various parameters. F Test indicates that there is a significant effect of social segment on participation rate. Three major issues (a) Governance; (b) Quality of Life; and (c) Wage and Productivity have been found as the most important factors after conducting the factor analysis. A rampant corruption found in many states has been highlighted even among the well performing states manifesting the potent flagship programme to be deceptive and skeptic about its functioning.MGNREGA has been proved to be the largest employment programme particularly for the rural India and has contributed towards the increase in purchasing power by being a major source of income for the bottom of the pyramid people in the Society. It has helped in solving problems of rural distress but a lot needs to be done. The wage rate should be increased and linked with inflation. I was also found that the minimum number of days should be increased from 100 to 180. Women have outperformed men in terms of productivity and their participation should be increased.

Keywords: MGNREGA, Rural employment, Governance, Quality of life, Wage, Productivity, Social segment, participation rate

JEL Classification: G28, H11, H55

Suggested Citation

Singh, Ajay Kumar and Bhasin, Niti and Lama, Sameer, MGNREGA: A Critical Assessment of Issues and Challenges (April 1, 2012). Indian Journal of Commerce, Vol. 65, No. 2, pp 151-164, 2012, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2170039

Ajay Kumar Singh (Contact Author)

Sri Sri University, on EOL from University of Delhi - Department of Commerce, Faculty of Commerce and Business, Delhi School of Economics ( email )

Bidyadharpur - Arilo
Cuttack, Odisha 754006
India
+919810108767 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.drajayksingh.org

Niti Bhasin

University of Delhi - Department of Commerce ( email )

Department of Commerce, Delhi School of Economics
University of Delhi
Delhi, 110007
India

Sameer Lama

University of Delhi - Department of Commerce ( email )

Department of Commerce
Delhi University
Delhi, 110007
India

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