Quality-Improving R&D and Semi-Collusive Production Cartel in Differentiated Duopoly

Posted: 4 Nov 2012

Date Written: November 1, 2012

Abstract

This paper presents an examination of whether an antitrust authority should prohibit a quantity-setting duopolists' semi-collusive production cartel after noncooperative quality-improving R&D. Results show that values of the technological spillover and product differentiation parameters exist such that both consumers and firms prefer a semi-collusive production cartel to full competition. It is particularly interesting that, in stark contrast to results of previous works, even though there exist circumstances under which the output level under semi-collusive production cartel is strictly greater than that under full competition, the market price under semi-collusive production cartel is invariably higher than under the case of full competition. Furthermore, a surprising key result is that if the degree of product differentiation is fairly small, and if technological spillover effects are fairly large, then a semi-collusive production cartel has social superiority compared to the case of full competition.

Keywords: Quality-improving R&D, Semi-collusion, Cournot duopoly, Product differentiation, Spillover effect

JEL Classification: D43, L13, L15, O32, Q55

Suggested Citation

Ouchida, Yasunori, Quality-Improving R&D and Semi-Collusive Production Cartel in Differentiated Duopoly (November 1, 2012). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2170177 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2170177

Yasunori Ouchida (Contact Author)

Hiroshima University ( email )

739-0046
Japan
+81-424-7212 (Fax)

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