The European Financial Crisis: Constitutional Aspects and Implications

EUI Working Papers LAW No. 2012/28

57 Pages Posted: 7 Nov 2012

See all articles by Kaarlo Heikki Tuori

Kaarlo Heikki Tuori

University of Helsinki - Faculty of Law -Centre of Excellence in Foundations of European Law and Polity

Date Written: November 1, 2012

Abstract

With its provisions on the EMU, the Maastricht Treaty introduced a new, ’macroeconomic’ layer into the European economic constitution. The Maastricht layer of the European economic constitution was based on the following principles: exclusive competence of the EU in monetary policy in the euro area; price stability as the primary objective of Europeanized monetary policy; independence of the ECB and national central banks; Member State sovereignty in fiscal and economic policy with the Union accomplishing a mere coordinating task; Member State fiscal liability as the reverse of their fiscal sovereignty; and primacy of price stability pursued by Europeanized monetary policy over national fiscal-policy objectives. The ongoing euro-area crisis is a constitutional crisis, too. The European responses to the crisis include, on the one hand, emergency measures and stability mechanisms, and, on the other hand, strengthening European economic governance. As a consequence of these responses, the central Maastricht principles of the European economic constitution are teetering. However, the present constitutional crisis should not merely be conceived in economic terms. It extends to the political and social dimensions; it also affects democracy and transparency, as well as social values and rights.

Keywords: European Monetary Union, fiscal crisis, economic constitution, Maastricht principles, Democratic deficit

Suggested Citation

Tuori, Kaarlo Heikki, The European Financial Crisis: Constitutional Aspects and Implications (November 1, 2012). EUI Working Papers LAW No. 2012/28, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2171824 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2171824

Kaarlo Heikki Tuori (Contact Author)

University of Helsinki - Faculty of Law -Centre of Excellence in Foundations of European Law and Polity ( email )

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P.O. Box 4
Helsinki, FIN-0001 4
Finland

HOME PAGE: http://www.helsinki.fi/foundations/research/kaarlo-tuori/research.html

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