Out-of-School Suspensions and Parental Involvement in Children's Education

FRB of St. Louis Working Paper No. 2011-022B

31 Pages Posted: 6 Nov 2012

See all articles by Maria E. Canon

Maria E. Canon

Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Date Written: November 6, 2012

Abstract

Do parents alter their investment in their child’s human capital in response to changes in school inputs? If they do, then ignoring this effect will bias the estimates of school and parental inputs in educational production functions. This paper tries to answer this question by studying out-of-school suspensions and their effect on parental involvement in children’s education. The use of out-of-school suspensions is the novelty of this paper. Out-of-school suspensions are chosen by the teacher or the principal of the school and not by parents, but they are a consequence of student misbehavior. To account for the nature of these out-of-school suspensions, they are instrumented with measures of “principal’s preference toward discipline.” The estimates show that, without controlling for selection, the level of parental involvement is negatively correlated with the number of out-of-school suspensions. Once selection is accounted for, the effect disappears that is, out-of-school suspensions do not affect parental involvement in children’s education.

Keywords: Analysis of Education

JEL Classification: I21

Suggested Citation

Canon, Maria E., Out-of-School Suspensions and Parental Involvement in Children's Education (November 6, 2012). FRB of St. Louis Working Paper No. 2011-022B, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2172022 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2172022

Maria E. Canon (Contact Author)

Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis ( email )

411 Locust St
Saint Louis, MO 63011
United States

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