55 Pages Posted: 7 Nov 2012 Last revised: 19 Aug 2016
Date Written: February 10, 2015
This paper investigates whether foreign institutional investors affect the global convergence of financial reporting practices. Using several measures of reporting convergence, we show that U.S. institutional ownership is positively associated with subsequent changes in emerging market firms’ accounting comparability to their U.S. industry peers. We identify this association using an instrumental variable approach that exploits exogenous variation in U.S. institutional investment generated by the JGTRRA Act of 2003. Further, we provide evidence of a specific mechanism — the switch to a Big Four audit firm — through which U.S. institutional investors affect reporting convergence. Finally, we show that, for emerging market firms, an increase in comparability to U.S. firms is associated with an improvement in the properties of foreign analysts' forecasts.
Keywords: Institutional Investors; Mutual Funds; Corporate Governance; U.S. GAAP; Financial Statement Comparability; Auditor Selection; Analyst Forecasts
JEL Classification: G32, G34, G38, M41, M47
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Fang, Vivian W. and Maffett, Mark G. and Zhang, Bohui, Foreign Institutional Ownership and the Global Convergence of Financial Reporting Practices (February 10, 2015). Journal of Accounting Research 53, no. 3 (2015): 593-631.. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2172429 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2172429