An Overview of American Indians and Alaska Natives in the Context of Social Security and Supplemental Security Income

Social Security Bulletin 72(4): 1-10, 2012

10 Pages Posted: 16 Nov 2012 Last revised: 25 Apr 2015

Nolan Smith-Kaprosy

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Patricia P. Martin

Government of the United States of America - Social Security Administration

Kevin Whitman

U.S. Social Security Administration

Date Written: November 7, 2012

Abstract

This article examines the economic security of the American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) population by exploring AIAN receipt of Social Security benefits and Supplemental Security Income (SSI). This analysis uses data from the 2005–2009 American Community Survey Public Use Microdata Sample, which provides a larger AIAN sample size than many other sources, thereby enabling more reliable estimates. We find that adult AIANs are less likely to receive Social Security benefits and more likely to receive SSI than are adults in the total population. In both programs, median benefit amounts are lower for AIAN recipients than for recipients in the total population.

Keywords: Social Security, wealth, minorities, race, SSI

JEL Classification: H55, D31, J15

Suggested Citation

Smith-Kaprosy, Nolan and Martin, Patricia P. and Whitman, Kevin, An Overview of American Indians and Alaska Natives in the Context of Social Security and Supplemental Security Income (November 7, 2012). Social Security Bulletin 72(4): 1-10, 2012. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2172487

Nolan Smith-Kaprosy

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

Patricia P. Martin

Government of the United States of America - Social Security Administration ( email )

Washington, DC 20254
United States

Kevin Whitman (Contact Author)

U.S. Social Security Administration ( email )

Washington, DC 20254
United States

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