Impacts of Family Planning Programmes on Fertility in Pakistan

17 Pages Posted: 8 Nov 2012 Last revised: 19 Jan 2014

See all articles by Hassan Raza

Hassan Raza

IQRA University

Babur Wasim

IQRA University

Faateh Ahmad

National Institute of Population Studies

Zeeshan Raza

National Institute of Population Studies

Noor Khan

IQRA University

Date Written: November 7, 2012

Abstract

This study attempts to measure the impacts of family planning programmes, socio-economic and demographic variables on fertility level in Pakistan. Using cross sectional data of about ten thousand ever married women of 15 to 49 years of age, collected through Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey (PDHS), this study concludes that there is great need to strengthen family planning programmes and overcome weaknesses embodied in these programmes. This can be achieved through mobilizing people in both urban and rural areas and especially the supply side needs to be more strengthened. Moreover, policies to provide family planning education to females need to be undertaken. This will sensitize and aware females about small family size before marriage and will help to change their attitudes toward family size in appropriate manner. Son preference can be resolved through empowering women and providing them more economic opportunities which will improve their social status within family and remove parents’ perception that only sons are breadwinner at home. Unwanted births can be controlled by providing comprehensive awareness about reproductive health and use of contraceptives while access to contraceptives is also very crucial to achieve this goal. For this purpose, electronic media can play role while family health workers need to be trained extensively and their services must be ensured in rural areas.

Keywords: family planning, fertility, female education, family size, reproductive health

Suggested Citation

Raza, Hassan and Wasim, Babur and Ahmad, Faateh and Raza, Zeeshan and Khan, Noor, Impacts of Family Planning Programmes on Fertility in Pakistan (November 7, 2012). OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development, Vol. 05, No. 03, pp. 97-114, 2012. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2172547

Hassan Raza (Contact Author)

IQRA University ( email )

Defence View
Shaheed-e-Millat Road (Ext.)
Karachi, Sindh 75500
Pakistan

Babur Wasim

IQRA University ( email )

Defence View
Shaheed-e-Millat Road (Ext.)
Karachi, Sindh 75500
Pakistan

Faateh Ahmad

National Institute of Population Studies ( email )

Block 12-A, Capital Centre
Markaz, Islamabad
Pakistan

Zeeshan Raza

National Institute of Population Studies ( email )

Block 12-A, Capital Centre
Markaz, Islamabad
Pakistan

Noor Khan

IQRA University ( email )

Defence View
Shaheed-e-Millat Road (Ext.)
Karachi, Sindh 75500
Pakistan

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